Main » Infectious diseases » Infections Acquired through the Skin and Mucous Membranes » Non-venereal Treponematoses
Pinta is endemic in the New World from Mexico to the Amazon. 'Pintids' start as small papules and develop into plaques with actively growing edges which become confluent. In the late stages the 'pintids' become depigmented. The causative organism of Pinta, T. carateum, is morphologically indistinguishable from that of syphilis and Bejel.
Photo 1. Depigmentation lesions of Pinta.
Photo 2. Secondary rash in endemic syphilis. These non-venereal spirochaetoses ('endemic syphilis') occur mainly in dry parts of Africa, the Balkans, and Australia. A florid secondary maculopapular eruption and associated adenitis is usually the first sign. Tertiary complications including gangosa may develop. In the Middle East the condition is known as Bejel. Other forms of non-venereal 'endemic syphiles' are njovera (Rhodesia), skerlievo (Borneo), dichuchwa (Botswana) and siti (Gambia).
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